Senin, 28 Maret 2011

Scientists Who Believe the Bible

High Schools, colleges, and universities typically teach only one theory of origins, that being evolution, and the students are not presented with a creationist viewpoint. In fact, they are often given the idea that no true scientist today is a creationist. When the National Academy of Sciences in America published an educational tool in 1998 entitled Teaching about Evolution and the Nature of Science, they posed this question, "Don't many scientists reject evolution?" The answer was, "No; the scientific consensus around evolution is overwhelming."

Richard Dawkins, a brash atheist and anti-creationist, says in his recent book The Greatest Show in Earth, "Evolution is a fact. Beyond reasonable doubt, beyond serious doubt, beyond sane, informed, intelligent doubt, beyond doubt evolution is a fact. ... Evolution is a fact, and [my] book will demonstrate it. No reputable scientist disputes it, and no unbiased reader will close the book doubting it."

According to Dawkins, if you reject evolution, you are unintelligent and your sanity should be questioned, and he proclaims that no reputable scientist disputes it.

In fact, modern science was invented by men who believed in divine creation. In his book Refuting Evolution, JONATHAN SARFATI, who has a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand, says:

"It is fallacious to claim, as many evolutionists do, that believing in miracles means that laboratory science would be impossible. In fact, most branches of modern science were founded by believers in the Bible's account of creation."

Consider some samples:

Physics -- Newton, Faraday, Maxwell, Kelvin, Joule
Chemistry - Boyle, Dalton, Ramsay
Biology - Ray, Linnaeus, Mendel, Pasteur, Virchow, Agassiz
Geology - Steno, Woodward, Brewster, Buckland, Cuvier
Astronomy - Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Herschel, Maunder
Mathematics - Pascal, Leibniz, Euler

In 1979, Science Digest reported that "scientists who utterly reject Evolution may be one of our fastest-growing controversial minorities," and stated that, "Many of the scientists supporting this position hold impressive credentials in science" (Larry Hatfield, "Educators Against Darwin," Science Digest Special, Winter 1979, pp. 94-96).

Dr. Sarfati continues:

"Even today, many scientists reject evolution. The Creation Ministries International staff scientists have published many scientific papers in their own fields. DR. RUSSELL HUMPHREYS, a nuclear physicist working with Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, has had over 20 articles published in physics journals, while DR. JOHN BAUMGARDNER'S catastrophic plate tectonics theory was reported in Nature magazine. DR. EDWARD BOUDREAUX of the University of New Orleans has published 26 articles and four books in physical chemistry. DR. MACIEJ GIERTYCH, head of the Department of Genetics at the Institute of Dendrology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, has published 90 papers in scientific journals. DR. RAYMOND JONES was described as one of Australia's top scientists for his discoveries about the legume Leucaena and bacterial symbiosis with grazing animals, worth millions of dollars per year to Australia. DR. BRIAN STONE has won a record number of awards for excellence in engineering teaching at Australian universities" (Jonathan Sarfati, Refuting Evolution, 2007, pp. 26-28).

Consider the leading force behind the Apollo moon mission, rocket scientist WERNHER VON BRAUN (1912-1977). Though he didn't believe in a literal Genesis account of creation, he did believe that God created the world and that it did not arise by a purely naturalistic process. He argued that the design of the world implies and requires a Designer, and he considered it unscientific to rule out a Creator just because we can't "test" him scientifically. In 1964, Von Braun published an article entitled "My Faith: A Space-age Scientist Tells Why He Must Believe in God." This appeared in the American Weekly, February 10, 1963, and was republished in many other newspapers.

DUANE GISH has a Ph.D. in biochemistry and worked for many years in pharmaceutical research at Cornell University, the University of California, and the Upjohn Company. "As a biochemist, he has synthesized peptides, compounds intermediate between amino acids and proteins. He has been co-author of a number of outstanding publications in peptide chemistry." Gish lists the following scientists who reject evolution and believe in creationism. Let's see if any of them might be considered "reputable."

"While it is true that creationists among scientists definitely constitute a minority, there are many creation scientists, and their number is growing. Among these may be numbered such well-established scientists as the late DR. W. R. THOMPSON, world-famous biologist and former Director of the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control of Canada; DR. MELVIN A. COOK, winner of the 1968 E. G. Murphee Award in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry from the American Chemical Society and also winner of the Nobel Nitro Award, now president of the Ireco Chemical Company, Salt Lake City; DR. HENRY M. MORRIS, for thirteen years Professor of Hydraulic Engineering and Head of the Civil Engineering Department of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and University, one of the largest in the U.S. DR. WALTER LAMMERTS, geneticist and famous plant breeder, the late DR. FRANK MARSH, Professor of Biology at Andrews University until his retirement; the late DR. J.J. DUYVENE DE WIT, Professor of Zoology at the University of the Orange Free State, South Africa, at the time of his death; DR. THOMAS G. BARNES, Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Texas at El Paso; DR. DMITRI KOUZNETSOV, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc., winner of the Komosmol Lenin Prize in 1983 as one of the two most promising young scientists in the Soviet Union, and winner of the Council of Ministries Prize of the USSR in 1986 for his research in biochemistry" (Evolution: The Fossils Still Say No, 1995, pp. 13, 14).

A.E. WILDER-SMITH (1915-1995), who defended creationism against evolution in his many books, had three Ph.D.s, one in physical organic chemistry from Reading University, England, one in pharmacology from the University of Geneva, and one in pharmacological sciences from ETH, a senior university in Zurich, Switzerland. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and a NATO three-star general, Dr. Wilder-Smith was an expert on chemotherapy, pharmacology, organic chemistry, and biochemistry.

RAYMOND DAMADIAN, M.D., biophysicist, is the recipient of the Lemelson-MIT Achievement Award as "the man who invented the MRI scanner." In 1988, he was awarded the National Medal of Technology, America's highest award for applied science, and a year later, he was inducted into the Inventors Hall of Fame, an honor he shares with Thomas Edison, Samuel Morse, and the Wright Brothers. The first MRI scanner that Dr. Damadian and his colleagues built in 1977 resides at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. Damadian is a Bible-believing Christian and attends a Baptist church in Long Island, New York. Dr. Damadian has stated that "the highest purpose a man can find for his life is to serve the will of God."

RICHARD LUMSDEN (1938-97), Ph.D., converted from Darwinian atheist to Bible-believing Christian at the apex of his professional career when, challenged by one of his students, he decided to check out the evidence for himself. A professor of parisitology and cell biology, he was dean of the graduate school at Tulane University. He trained 30 Ph.D.s., published hundreds of scholarly papers, and was the winner of the highest award for parasitology.

LEE SPETNER, author of "Not By Chance: Shattering the Modern Theory of Evolution," has a Ph.D. in physics from MIT. He was a researcher with John Hopkins University from 1951-1970.

JAMES ALLAN has a Ph.D. in genetics from the University of Edinburgh and was a senior lecturer in genetics at the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa. He is an international consultant in dairy cattle breeding. The testimony of his Christian faith was published in the book "In Six Days: Why Fifty Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation."

JERRY BERGMAN, co-author of the book Persuaded by the Evidence, has five Masters degrees and two Ph.D.s, one in human biology and another in measurement and evaluation. He had a 4.0 grade point average for both Ph.D.s and close to a 4.0 for all five of his Masters degrees.

The CREATION RESEARCH SOCIETY membership consists of more than 600 men and women who hold advanced degrees and are committed to biblical creationism.

The KOREA ASSOCIATION OF CREATION RESEARCH membership includes 450 scientists, 150 of them with Ph.D.s in the sciences. The President of KACR, Young-Gil Kim, Ph.D. in Materials Science, is with the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology and is the inventor of various important high-tech alloys.

FRANK MARSH has a Ph.D. in biology and is emeritus Professor of Biology at Andrews University. He is the author of "Variation and Fixity in Nature: The Meaning of Diversity and Discontinuity in the World of Living Things, and Their Bearing on Creation and Evolution."

JOSEPH MASTROPAOLO, who has a Ph.D. in kinesiology from the University of Iowa, has taught biomechanics and physiology at the University of Chicago and California State University. He holds the patent for crew conditioning for extended manned space missions. He is adjunct faculty at the Institute for Creation Research.

The speaking staff of ANSWERS IN GENESIS includes 10 men and women who have earned doctorates. DAVID DEWITT has a Ph.D. in neuroscience. DONALD DEYOUNG has a Ph.D. in physics. JASON LISLE has a Ph.D. in astrophysics. DAVID MENTON has a Ph.D. in cell biology from Brown University. Tommy Mitchell has an M.D. from Vanderbilt University. TERRY MORTENSON has a Ph.D. in the history of geology. GARY PARKER has a doctorate in education in biology/geology. GEORGIA PURDOM has a Ph.D. in molecular genetics. ANDREW SNELLING has a Ph.D. in geology from the University of Sydney.

The book In Six Days, edited by John Ashton, contains the testimonies of 50 scientists with doctorates who believe in the Bible's account of creation. These include

JEREMY I. WALTER, Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Pennsylvania State University;

JOHN KRAMER, Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Minnesota;

PAUL GIEM, M.D. from Loma Linda University;

ARIEL ROTH, Ph.D. in biology from the University of Michigan;

KEITH WANSER, Ph.D. in condensed matter physics from the University of California, Irvine;

JOHN R. RANKIN, Ph.D. in mathematical physics from the University of Adelaide;

BOB HOSKEN, Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Newcastle;

GEORGE JAVOR, Ph.D. in biochemistry from Columbia University;

DWAIN FORD, Ph.D. in chemistry from Clark University of Worcester, Massachusetts;

ANGELA MEYER, Ph.D. in horticultural science from the University of Sydney;

ANDREW MCINTOSH, Ph.D. in the theory of combustion from the Cranfield Institute of Technology and D.Sc. in mathematics from the University of Wales;

JOHN MARCUS, Ph.D. in biological chemistry from the University of Michigan;

NANCY DARRALL, Ph.D. in botany from the University of Wales;

JOHN CIMBALA, Ph.D. in aeronautics from the California Institute of Technology;

E. THEO AGARD, Ph.D. in physics from the University of Toronto;

KER THOMSON, D.Sc. in geophysics from the Colorado School of Mines;

JOHN BAUMGARDNER, Ph.D. in geophysics and space physics from UCLA and chief developer of the TERRA code;

ARTHUR JONES, Ph.D. in biology from the University of Birmingham;

GEORGE HOWE, Ph.D. in botany from Ohio State University;

A. J. MONTY WHITE, Ph.D. in gas kinetics from the University College of Wales, Abery-stwyth;

D. B. GOWER, Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of London;

WALTER VEITH, Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Cape Town;

DANNY FAULKNER, Ph.D. in astronomy from Indiana University;

EDMOND HOLROYD, Ph.D. in atmospheric science from the University of New York at Albany;

ROBERT ECKEL, M.D. from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine;

JACK CUOZZO, D.D.S from the University of Pennsylvania;

STEPHEN TAYLOR, Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Liverpool;

ELAINE KENNEDY, Ph.D. in geology from the University of Southern California;

COLIN MITCHELL, Ph.D. in desert terrain geography from Cambridge University;

STANLEY MUMMA, Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois;

EVAN JAMIESON, Ph.D. in hydrometallurgy from Murdoch University;

LARRY VARDIMAN, Ph.D. in atmospheric science from Colorado State University;

GEOFF DOWNES, Ph.D. in tree physiology from the University of Melbourne;

WAYNE FRAIR, Ph.D. in biochemical taxonomy from Rutgers;

SID COLE, Ph.D. in chemistry from Melbourne University;

GEORGE HAWKE, Ph..D. in air pollution meteorology from Macquarie University;

KURT P. WISE, Ph.D. in geology from Harvard University, where he studied under well-known evolutionist Dr. Stephen Gould;

J. H. JOHN PEET, Ph.D. in photochemistry from Wolverhampton Polytechnic;

WERNER GITT, Ph.D. in engineering from the Technical University at Hanover;

DON BATTEN, Ph.D. in plant physiology from the University of Sydney.

Of course, even if NO scientist disputed evolution, as Richard Dawkins contents, this does not mean it is correct. The Bible says, "Let God be true, but every man a liar" (Romans 3:4), and Jesus said, "I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes" (Matthew 11:25).

Enlarged February 18, 2010 (first published August 8, 2009) (David Cloud, Fundamental Baptist Information Service, P.O. Box 610368, Port Huron, MI 48061, 866-295-4143, fbns@wayoflife.org)

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